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August 5, 2021 0 Comments


As per estimates by a team of researchers affiliated with John Hopkins University, Centre for Disease Dynamics, Economics and policy, and Princeton University, India’s current capacity is estimated at 30,000-50,000 ventilators. The country could need as many as one million ventilators to address the peak in July 2020.

Zaara Biotech is a Biotechnology Start-up company established in 2016 under the Kerala start-up mission, focusing on Research in Energy and food crises using Microalgae from the college campus, Sahrdaya College of Engineering and Technology, Thrissur, Kerala. On brainstorming the start-up is expanding its domain to the Biomedical and Information and technology sector, where the problems encountered by the society have solutions that can be found with timely interventions and ensuring these solutions available economically to all social segments in India.

Najeeb Bin Haneef


One research project describes the design of a low-cost mechanical ventilator for use in mass casualty cases such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, diseases such as pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Under these circumstances, the additional oxygen or breathing support through mechanical ventilators with integrated AI-enabled humidity and pressure detection on in-build ET tubes provides the exact decoding of Transthpulmonary pressure drop analogs from the implanted sensors below the murface end of the ET tubes. Based on the intrapulmonary pressure drop, the ventilator provides assured tidal volume and minimum respiratory rate to the patient. This provides a minimum assured minute ventilation. The microcontroller monitor continuously, which runs a control loop to achieve patient-prescribed performance. This additional mode enhances the reduction in causality rates especially in is a viable option to achieve low-cost ventilator technology that provides essential ventilator features at a fraction of the cost of existing technology.

Initial Prototypes: Vent 2.0
In the initial stage of studies, we designed a crankshaft based Ambu bag modulating breathing support for emergency use due to COVID -19 widespread across the globe. This prototype is made by 3D printed shaft and crank along with ball bearing setups, attached to Motor with controlled RPM. The motors speed is controlled by a specially designed board with manual RPM adjusting knob were the breath rate can be controlled from 5 to 30 per minute. The online breath rate is detected and displayed on LCD Display to the user, apparently which provides the physician to increase or decrease the breath rate based on various parameters like saturation level, etc…
The Prototype is designed on a wood base were the slot B connected on the trolley were based on the position of the slot B the volume of the Ambu is adjusted from maximum volume to minimum based on the breathing process.
The whole Research analysis is carried in collaboration with Believers church medical college, Tiruvalla. For a while, our researchers are brainstorming on projects in various aspects. Our team consists of Mr. Astle John – Electronics and communication Research Analysis- Zaara Biotech, Miss. Fidha Ashraf- Biomedical Research analyst and Mr. Najeeb Bin Haneef – Biotechnology Research analyst.
Medical ventilation technology has been evolving from stationary units originally relying on oxygen and compressed air drawn from the hospital supply lines into autonomous portable devices, absolutely we are working on the same.
We believe all problems encountered by society have solutions that can be found with timely interventions. We at Zaara biotech work towards ensuring that, These solutions are made available economically.


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